Lewis Wickes Hine (1874–1940) was the first social documentary photographer. He spent his career photographing work and workers, from exposing the exploitation of child labor for the National Child Labor Committee (1908–1918) to emphasizing the dignity of adults working through his "work portraits" in the 1920, Hine created the notion of "social photography."Hine's photographs represent the first time social science methodology was used together with photography to document the conditions under study. Unfortunately, when Progressivism (1880–1920) ended, Hine's fortunes turned. After some notoriety gained from both his Empire State Building photographs, which resulted in his only published book, Men At Work, and his 1938 retropsective at what is now the Brooklyn Museum, Hine died in poverty in 1940. See below for links to find information on Lewis Hine and the institutions he worked for.
On this page you will find links to help your research. Feel free to contact me at email@example.com any questions about Lewis Hine or to read an academic manuscript.
Other Links (You may find information on all this material in Lewis Hine as Social Critic):
Private (in chronological order):
Society for Ethical Culture Lewis Hine began photographing while he was a teacher at New York's Ethical Culture School. While there, he taught Paul Strand, whom he introduced to Alfred Stieglitz during a tour of the gallery 291.
Pittsburgh SurveyLewis Hine was the official photographer recruited by Paul and Arthur Kellogg.
NCLC Hine was director of information for the National Child Labor Committee.
Survey GraphicThe Kelloggs maintained contact with Hine and often printed his work. This link is to The Survey, Survey Graphic's immediate predecessor, which often featured Lewis Hine's photography.